Legislation is the creation of laws. Beginning in 1877, states created laws that forced African Americans to use separate public accommodations from white people. These laws, commonly referred to as "Jim Crow" laws, covered all aspects of life and were prevalent in the South and border states until the mid-1960s. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education that laws requiring black and white children to attend separate public schools were unconstitutional. Following the Brown decision, other Jim Crow laws such as those covering public transportation were also challenged and found to be unconstitutional. In addition to challenging existing laws which limited their freedoms, civil rights activists also fought for the passage of new laws which would guarantee equal rights for all people. Two such examples are the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which abolished legal racial segregation, and the Voting Rights Act of 1965, which prohibited barriers to voter registration such as poll taxes and literacy tests.