The Union of South Africa, Its Land and Its People, is one of several educational films made for Encyclopaedia Britannica Films. This film describes the historical development during the Indies trade of Cape Town’s seaport, the landscape, and the social and living conditions of South African cities and its native reserves. In the Xhosa district the Tembu tribe is one of the many Bantus tribes that follow traditional life farming, herding cattle, and celebrating coming of age ceremonies. They have an appointed Paramount Chief to govern by tribal laws and customs of South Africa for matters within their tribe; crime related issues are handled by South African Government Authorities. Although allowed to live on reserves with family many youth leave the reserves to work under contracts on Dutch farms in Transvaal or mining gold in Johannesburg to earn a living. On farms work is rewarded by rations of meat, a plot of land for gardening and a house on the farm's property. The gold mining companies construct compounds in which natives live in and are mostly confined to until their contract is fulfilled. In the city native families can live amongst European settlers where their children can go to school and attend church; both parents must work in order to make a living. Major exports of South Africa are gold, diamonds, coal, uranium, copper and grapes for wine making. South Africa has two capitols; Pretoria is the Union’s administrative capitol that represents the British crown and Cape Town is the legislative capitol where Parliament is held.