Caption from photographic print: Civilian guerillas equipped with [a] variety of weapons. Left: ancient home-made flintlock. Center: modern submachine gun. Right: rifle captured from Japanese. Min Ping. Sino-[Japanese] War, 1937-1945. Caption from Xi xing man ying: Members of the Min Ping, or People's Military, armed with a typical assortment of weapons ranging from home-made flash-pan bird guns to fairly modern Tommy guns made in Taiyuan arsenal before the war and subsequently captured from puppet troops.