2. The degree of literacy among the Chinese Red Army troopers is extremely high. All learn to read and write. Instruction is simplified by a system of Romanization of Chinese. Translated from the Chinese, writing on the board means: 'Slay! Slay the Japanese!' The promise to teach him to read and write was the greatest appeal to a recruit for the Red Army in the early days of the Civil War. The learning process was accelerated by the Romanization of Chinese characters. This proved so successful that it is today adopted for teaching in all public schools.