There is a high degree of literacy among the Chinese Communists. Instruction is simplified by a Romanization of the Chinese Language. This is an anti-Japanese poster. The promise to teach him to read and write was the greatest appeal to a recruit for the Red Army in the early days of the Civil War. The learning process was accelerated by the Romanization of Chinese characters. This proved so successful that it is today adopted for teaching in the public schools. The slogan encourages to join together to defend the country against Japan.