A set of 50 photographs and associated handwritten descriptive notes, acquired from the Imperial Russian Geographical Society in St. Petersburg. The complete notes, "1904 View of Great Tibet", are available at: http://collections.lib.uwm.edu/u?/tibet,94
Bar chorten. [Z.]
A ch'orten [chorten] like gate between Ch'agpori [Chagpori] and Marpori. The view is taken on the way from Lhasa. The larger two-storied house to the right is a private one. From the top of the chorten, wires are stretched to the top of two smaller chortens standing on both sides of the passage; the wires are furnished with small bells. One of the smaller chortens is seen to the left through the branches of a tree. The other small chorten (on the slope of Marpori) is seen on the view of Potala facing p. 166 (Sarat Chandra Das, Journey to Lhasa and Central Tibet), where also can be seen the private house mentioned above. On the top of the hill (Chagpori) [Chagpori] one can see the Mah-ba Ta-tsan [Man-ba Ta-ts'an or Man-bo-datsang].
Obs. Bar Chorten is called Barkokani on A-K's Plan and Bakokani on Rockhill's Plan l.e. On Waddell's Plan of Lhasa it's called "Gateway of Pargo-Kaling".
Churten [chorten] - "This word means 'offering holder'. Great numbers are built in the vicinity of lamaseries, and serve to point out the roads leading to them. They are also something like the stations in the Catholic 'Path to the Cross', as pilgrims, when journeying to a shrine, perform prostrations before each churten met on the way thither." (p.63).
Rockhill, W.W. (1891).The land of lamas. New York: Century. Available through Google Books at: http://books.google.com/books?id=tNkMAAAAIAAJ&pg=PA1&dq