'In the great temple we walked through a perfect labyrinth of aisles between double rows of the five hundred Lohans, carved in wood ,gilded, and of life size. . .sitting there meditating in every imaginable attitude. Some looked serious and meditative, others smiling and ironic. . . ' (Jehol: city of emperors). The city of Jehol is now known as Chengde and in 1956, Jehol province became part of Hebei province.